Abrams tank, what are American super tanks and why they can change the course of war

The United States has decided to send tanks to Ukraine. The country invaded by Russia now 11 months ago will receive the tanks Abraham. Why are they so important? Where have they been used before? And why are they able to make a difference on the field? used in the first gulf warin Afghanistan and Iraq, Abrams tanks, which the United States is preparing to send to Ukraine, they are the spearhead of American armored vehiclesperhaps the most powerful in the world, capable of resisting nuclear, biological and chemical attacks.

Called MBT (main battle tank), they were produced in the first version (M1) a 1978 by Chrysler Defense, now General Dynamics Land Systems, p they are named after General Creighton Abrams who led American troops in the Vietnam War from 1968 to 1972. They entered service in 1980 and in 1985 the production of M1A1which was followed by the last generation, the M1A2. Excluding the latter, it is still unclear which version the Pentagon will decide to send to Kyivbe it the oldest version of tanks or the most updated.

Abrams, equipment and power

Weighing 62 tons, the M1A1s are equipped with direct jet engines and equipped a 120 mm gun, capable of destroying a building nearly four kilometers awayand arrive at speed of 70 km per hour. They have a shell of depleted uranium to avoid the penetration of Heat (High-explosive antitank) projectiles, a high-potential explosive designed specifically to destroy tanks.

Designed to withstand nuclear attacks

Most importantly, the Abrams are designed to withstand nuclear, biological and chemical attacks. They strategically enable mobility and agility in otherwise impossible ground operations. With their intervention, in fact, the soldiers can count on almost immediate cover operations, without having to wait for the use of aircraft for the subsequent bombardments requested from the ground on the areas and targets considered at risk. The M1A1 made its debut in battle in 1991, during the first Gulf War. They were then used by US forces Afghanistan I Iraq.

The US Army currently has approximately 4,400 Abrams, while the Navy has 400. The US has also created an export version of the tanks which is currently used a Egypt, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Australia and Iraq. Iraqi forces have deployed the tanks to fight ISIS, while the Saudis have used them in the civil war in Yemen.

Abrams, because they can make a difference in the ongoing war

But why is the news that these supertanks will be sent to Ukraine so important? We report the answer given to journalists by the senior official who held the press conference in the USA yesterday (January 23, 2023, ed.).

“As for Abrams, our attention is given to the Ukrainians capabilities that can be used immediately and that will… have an impact. The M1 is an extremely capable and effective fighting system, but it is also a very complex system that requires a lot of maintenance and a lot of logistical support“, He says.

“They are elements that can be used immediately on the battlefield to change the balance of forces on the field. The Ukrainian military is very effective, but it is not the US military, which has multifaceted and global commitments. So, just as we have advanced airborne capabilities like the F-35, the M1 is an advanced armored capability employed by US forces to meet our global national security commitments,” concludes the colonel.

Why the situation calls for tanks to be sent and what other means are being sent

“Thus, the situation along the frontline in Ukraine remains largely static, with the exceptions of Ukraine’s counteroffensive operations near Kreminna and Russia’s continued efforts to try to capture nearby territory. Bakhmut – it was explained in the press conference held by the American defense – In both areas, the situation remains fluid, with many exchanges of news. It is important to note, however, that Ukrainian forces continue to successfully hold and defend Bakhmut. In addition to the massive security assistance package announced last week by the Department of Defense, with significant additional air defense and armor capabilities for Ukraine, several nations announced equally significant support, including contributions from Germany and the Netherlands for the air defense capabilities of the Patriot missilesthe purchase of a NASAM system of Canada, the UK contribution. United Kingdom of Battle Tanks Challengers 2Germany from Marder infantry fighting vehiclesthe France of AMX light tanksSweden from infantry fighting vehicles and CV90 shellsDenmark and Estonia of shellsLatvia from machine guns and unmanned aerial systems and that of Lithuania Mi-8 helicoptersjust to name a few.”

Source : IL Messaggero

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